For the most part, panorama images used to be quite labor intensive. However with the advent of Photoshop, this has become relatively easy to do. I found that even a tripod is not an absolute necessity. Photoshop will even out some of the imperfections that naturally enter the equation when doing a panorama shoot hand-held. Of course one should hold the camera as steady as possible and, this is important, make sure that there is sufficient overlap from one exposure to the next. All of the examples here were shot hand held.
Playa Bonita, Samana, Dominican Republic
Hotel Coyamar, Las Terenas, Dominican Republic
Outside Rapid City, South Dakota
Backyard, Auburn, Alabama
Grand Canyon, Arizona
Newton Fork Ranch, Hill City, South Dakota